ISRAEL AND PALESTINE

Overview

WEEK KEY QUESTION CONTENT FOCUS/SKILL RESOURCES
1 Which group had the stronger claim to the land between the Mediterranean and the Jordan? Both Jews and Arabs lay historical claims to this... Chronology Source evaluation Argumentation Timeline Dual narrative videos Sources for analysis Lesson ideas
2 Should the British Government be praised or blamed for the Balfour Declaration? In 1917, Lord Balfour in the British government wrote... Causation Source evaluation Argumentation Timeline Dual narrative videos Sources for analysis Lesson ideas
3 Should the British Government be blamed for its handling of the Mandate in Palestine? At the end of the First World War, when... Consequences Source evaluation Argumentation Timeline Dual narrative videos Sources for analysis Lesson ideas
1 Have the actions of the British Government been the main cause of conflict? This video explains the fundamental causes of the conflict... Analysis of competing timelines Source evaluation Argumentation
2 Is the British Government responsible for the impact of the Great Famine? The Great Famine of 1845-1851 killed over a million... Causation Consequences Source evaluation Argumentation
3 Should the British Government be praised or blamed for the partition of Ireland? The partition of Ireland took place in 1922 and... Causation Consequences Source evaluation Argumentation
4 Who is responsible for the slow progress of the Peace Process? The Good Friday Agreement in 1997 largely brough an... Causation Consequences Source evaluation Argumentation
1 Did the national identity of people living in Scotland after 1707 become more British? In 1707, the Scottish parliament, in passing the Union... Analysis of competing timelines Source evaluation Argumentation
2 Did people in Scotland after 1707 benefit from the Union with England? The current debate about Scottish independence draws heavily on... Causation Consequences Source evaluation Argumentation
3 Does the UK’s decision to leave the EU (Brexit) justify a second referendum? On 31st January 2020, Britain left the European Union.... Causation Consequences Source evaluation Argumentation
4 Is it fair to blame Dundas for delaying the abolition of the slave trade? Dundas (Lord Melville) was a Scottish politician who wielded... Causation Consequences Source evaluation Argumentation
1 Churchill Churchill has been voted as the greatest Briton ever...
2 Stalin Stalin’s historical reputation has waxed and waned perhaps more...
3 COMING SOON: Thatcher Margaret Thatcher remains a divisive figure. Her supporters argue...
4 COMING SOON: Fidel Castro The longest-serving non-royal head of state in the 20th...
5 Was Israel forced to begin the Six-Day War to protect itself from Arab aggression? In 1967 Israel launched a surprise attack on Syria,... Causation Source evaluation Argumentation
4 Should Jewish armed forces be blamed for the forced dispossession of half the Arab population from their homes in Palestine in 1948? The withdrawal of Britain in 1947 led to war... Consequences Source evaluation Argumentation
6 Were the Israelis justified in the use of force in the First Intifada? The uprising at the end of 1987 in Gaza... Causes Source evaluation Argumentation
7 Are the Palestinians mainly to blame for the failure of the Peace Process? Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser... Consequences Source evaluation  Argumentation
8 Has the Israeli government been justified in building the Security Barrier/Separation Wall? In 2002, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon announced that... Justification Source evaluation Argumentation
9 Would a One State or a Two State outcome be better for Israelis and Palestinians? For over a century the Palestinians have been demanding... Consequences Analysis Judgement
ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 1

Which group had the stronger claim to the land between the Mediterranean and the Jordan?

Both Jews and Arabs lay historical claims to this land. This programme explains the history of the land across three millennia from the land of Canaan in the late Bronze Age, through conquest by the Romans, Arabs, Ottomans, and British, up to the present day.

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 2

Should the British Government be praised or blamed for the Balfour Declaration?

In 1917, Lord Balfour in the British government wrote to Lord Rothschild, the leader of British Jews, promising to support the establishment of a national home for Jews in Palestine. Was this a great humanitarian gesture which offered a place of safety for a long-persecuted minority? Or was this an act of imperial arrogance which […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 3

Should the British Government be blamed for its handling of the Mandate in Palestine?

At the end of the First World War, when the Ottoman empire collapsed in 1918, the League of Nations awarded authority (Mandate) over the area to Britain. Should the British government be praised for its efforts to maintain peace between two irreconcilable groups who refused to compromise? Or should it be blamed for always putting […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 1

Have the actions of the British Government been the main cause of conflict?

This video explains the fundamental causes of the conflict and examines the history of Northern Ireland as part of the longer history of Anglo-Irish relations. It introduces the idea that viewing of history from both a Catholic/Irish/nationalistic perspective, and a Protestant/British/unionist perspective is essential to understanding the cause of conflict and its longevity.  

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 2

Is the British Government responsible for the impact of the Great Famine?

The Great Famine of 1845-1851 killed over a million Irish people in all parts of Ireland, but it impacted the Catholic majority regions worst of all. For Catholic nationalists this event, known in Irish as Gorta Mor, came to symbolise everything bad about British rule and fuelled the struggle for independence. The British government viewed […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 3

Should the British Government be praised or blamed for the partition of Ireland?

The partition of Ireland took place in 1922 and divided the island into two. A new Protestant majority state which remained part of the United Kingdom was made up of six northern counties. The rest of Ireland became a new independent Catholic majority state. Britain claimed partition was the only solution to prevent civil war […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 4

Who is responsible for the slow progress of the Peace Process?

The Good Friday Agreement in 1997 largely brough an end to ‘The Troubles’ as the inter-communal violence in Northern Ireland had been dubbed. However, a quarter of century later the progress of the peace process now seems painfully slow. Protestant unionists blame Catholic nationalists for being too slow to give up the threat of a […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 1

Did the national identity of people living in Scotland after 1707 become more British?

In 1707, the Scottish parliament, in passing the Union with England Act, voted to abolish itself. But three hundred years later, the majority of Scottish MPs who sit in the British parliament are demanding an end to the Union with England and the revival of Scotland as an independent nation. Why after three centuries are […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 2

Did people in Scotland after 1707 benefit from the Union with England?

The current debate about Scottish independence draws heavily on competing narratives of how well Scotland fared in the Union. Was the Union a brilliant merger which allowed Scotland to take an outsized share of the wealth and power created by the British Empire? Or was it a hostile takeover which allowed England to subjugate the […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 3

Does the UK’s decision to leave the EU (Brexit) justify a second referendum?

On 31st January 2020, Britain left the European Union. Yet, 62% of the Scottish people had voted in June 2016 that Britain should remain. Does this divergence justify Scottish demands for independence, following in the footsteps of the USA in 1776, Ireland in 1919, or India in 1948? Or does the earlier referendum on independence […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 4

Is it fair to blame Dundas for delaying the abolition of the slave trade?

Dundas (Lord Melville) was a Scottish politician who wielded great power in both Scotland and England in the 1780s and 90s and was honoured with monuments and place names. But should we now change how he’s commemorated given the role he played in the defeat of the 1792 Bill to Abolish the Slave Trade?  

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 1

Churchill

Churchill has been voted as the greatest Briton ever in online polls, based on his role in leading British resistance to the Nazis in World War Two. However, he has also received criticism for his attitudes to race and his resistance to giving India independence. Perhaps because of his fame he has become the focal […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 2

Stalin

Stalin’s historical reputation has waxed and waned perhaps more than anyone else’s. In the West he has been a foe in the 1930s, a friend and ally in the 1940s, and a foe again at the end of World War Two. At home he has been seen as both a tyrant and a national saviour; […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 3

COMING SOON: Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher remains a divisive figure. Her supporters argue that she relaunched the British economy, restored British pride and not only that, she was an early advocate for taking actions to prevent climate change. Her critics argue that she destroyed British manufacturing, sold off key utilities such as water and gas, supported repressive regimes abroad like […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 4

COMING SOON: Fidel Castro

The longest-serving non-royal head of state in the 20th and 21st centuries, Castro polarized opinion throughout the world. His supporters view him as a champion of socialism and anti-imperialism whose revolutionary government advanced economic and social justice while securing Cuba’s independence from US influence. Critics call him a dictator whose administration oversaw human rights abuses, the exodus of many Cubans, […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 5

Was Israel forced to begin the Six-Day War to protect itself from Arab aggression?

In 1967 Israel launched a surprise attack on Syria, Egypt and Jordan and won a comprehensive victory. Was Israel forced to do this because it was threatened by imminent invasion from its more numerous Arab neighbours? Or was Israel’s attack an aggressive move to seize more Arab land for itself?

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 4

Should Jewish armed forces be blamed for the forced dispossession of half the Arab population from their homes in Palestine in 1948?

The withdrawal of Britain in 1947 led to war between Arabs and Jews in Palestine, at the end of which over half the Arab population had left their homes, never to return. Should we blame Jewish armed forces for the forced dispossession of Palestinians? Or should we blame Arab leadership for starting the war and […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 6

Were the Israelis justified in the use of force in the First Intifada?

The uprising at the end of 1987 in Gaza and the West Bank, territories occupied by Israel after the Six-Day War, took both Palestinian and Israeli leadership by surprise. Were the Israelis justified in using necessary and proportionate measures to restore order, or was their use of force, which included beatings and shootings, to repress […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 7

Are the Palestinians mainly to blame for the failure of the Peace Process?

Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat took first steps towards a permanent and comprehensive peace based on a Two State solution by signing the Oslo Accords in the mid 1990s. However, a quarter of a century later peace remains as elusive as ever. Is this the Palestinians’ fault for having unrealistic […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 8

Has the Israeli government been justified in building the Security Barrier/Separation Wall?

In 2002, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon announced that a separation barrier would be built between Israel-proper and the Palestinian West Bank. This has now become a permanent feature. Has this barrier been justified because it prevents Palestinian terrorism and saves Israeli lives? Or is it unjustified because it is merely a strategy used to […]

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ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: Week 9

Would a One State or a Two State outcome be better for Israelis and Palestinians?

For over a century the Palestinians have been demanding a state of their own and in the mid 1990s it looked as though that was going to be possible. However, a quarter of a century later it has become even harder to achieve, so both Palestinians and Israelis are asking themselves, which solution is better […]

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